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Ils differents contracts da lavur

I vegn differenzià tranter ils suandants contracts da lavur: contracts individuals da lavur, contracts collectivs da lavur, contracts normals da lavur.

Contracts individuals da lavur

Il contract individual da lavur regla ils dretgs e las obligaziuns dals patruns e da las persunas emploiadas. El na sto avair nagina furma speziala e po – cun excepziun dal contract d'emprendissadi – vegnir fatg er a bucca. Per tuttas duas varts èsi dentant d'avantatg, sch'il contract vegn fatg en scrit. Regulaziuns spezialas, sco p.ex. in scumond da concurrenza u la regulaziun dad uras supplementaras, ston vegnir fixadas en in contract da lavur en scrit. Ins differenziescha tranter il contract da lavur limità (che finescha cun in tschert termin) ed il contract da lavur illimità (che vegn terminà tras desditga).

Model d'in contract da lavur

Contracts collectivs da lavur

In contract collectiv da lavur (CCL) vegn fatg tranter las federaziuns dals patruns e las federaziuns dals lavurants. En quest contract defineschan ils partenaris socials las disposiziuns minimalas (p.ex. paja minimala) che na dastgan betg vegnir sutpassadas en contracts individuals da lavur. Ins differenziescha tranter CCL generalmain impegnativs (contracts per branschas specificas) e CCL betg generalmain impegnativs (contracts che valan mo per ils commembers da la federaziun).

Contracts normals da lavur

Standard employment contracts are federal or cantonal enactments. They regulate working conditions with provisions on working hours, vacation, notice periods, etc. The cantons must enact the standard employment contracts for working conditions in agriculture and housekeeping. The provisions of the standard employment contract apply directly to the working conditions subject to the standard employment contract, provided nothing different has been agreed in the individual employment contract. In the event of repeated and improper undercutting of wages in sectors where there are no generally binding collective employment agreements, the competent authorities can enact fixed-term standard contracts with binding minimum wages.