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Are you unsure about the financial circumstances of a deceased relative? Are you afraid that you will simply inherit debts? Or would you rather not inherit anything at all? In such situations, you can disclaim an inheritance.
An inheritance can be disclaimed within the first three months following the death of the testator.
If you disclaim the inheritance you refuse to accept what has been left to you. You may choose to make use of this possibility if you fear that the testator’s debts are likely to exceed the assets. You can obtain information about a deceased person's financial circumstances from their last tax return, from bank statements or by obtaining a certificate from the debt enforcement register.
If the financial position is unclear, you can request that a public inventory be made within one month of the death. The relevant authority makes a list of the assets and debts that make up the estate by publishing a call to the deceased's creditors and debtors in the official gazette.
Once the inventory has been completed, you must decide whether you wish to:
In some cantons, you can request the court to issue an "information permit". This allows you to obtain information from banks, authorities, etc. in order to work out the extent of the estate.
After three months, the inheritance is deemed to have been accepted. The heirs are liable from their assets for the debts of the deceased and become the owners of the assets making up the deceased's estate.
Note: if heirs take assets from the estate either openly or surreptitiously (with the exception of worthless items), they will lose their right to disclaim their inheritance.
If you do not want to accept an inheritance, you can do so by sending a registered letter to the competent authority at the deceased's last place of residence. The inheritance will pass to the next person in line by law. This person will also have three months from then in which to disclaim the inheritance.
If none of the heirs want to accept their inheritance, the estate will be liquidated by the bankruptcy office and the available assets used to pay the debts. If any surplus is left, this will go to the lawful heirs.