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List combinations and sub-combinations

In certain cases, parties and/or groups of candidates can decide to combine their lists in order to increase their chances of being elected.

In those cantons which have a proportional system, political parties may decide to combine their lists of candidates to increase their chances of obtaining seats.
Two or more lists can be merged to create a list sub-combination, but only if they have the same name, differing only by an indication of age, sex, region, or affiliation to the wing of a political grouping.

Two examples:

  • Combination between party “A”, party “A women’s list”, party “A youth list”, party “B” and party “B youth list” = a list combination; 
  • A list sub-combination may be created within this list combination. In this case, a list sub-combination may only be formed by party “A” with party “A youth list” and party “A women’s list,” but not by party “A” with party “B” or “B youth list”.

All list combinations and list sub-combinations must be submitted by the end of the period allowed for rectification (14 or 7 days after the final date for submission of candidate lists, Art. 29 para. 4 PoRA) set by the canton. Once the list combinations are rectified, they may no longer be revoked

The Ordinance on Political Rights (PoRO) contains a sample form for explanations about list combinations (Annex 3b  - not available in English).

How to stand for election to the National Council